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Sustaining proliferative signaling
Genome instability and mutation
PTEN is destabilized by phosphorylation on Thr366.
Although PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10) is one of the most commonly mutated tumour suppressors in human cancers, loss of PTEN expression in the absence of mutation appears to occur in an even greater number of tumours. PTEN is phosphorylated in vitro on Thr366 and Ser370 by GSK3 (glycogen synthase kinase 3) and CK2 (casein kinase 2) respectively, and specific inhibitors of these kinases block these phosphorylation events in cultured cells. Although mutation of these phosphorylation sites did not alter the phosphatase activity of PTEN in vitro or in cells, blocking phosphorylation of Thr366 by either mutation or GSK3 inhibition in glioblastoma cell lines led to a stabilization of the PTEN protein. Our data support a model in which the phosphorylation of Thr366 plays a role in destabilizing the PTEN protein.